Monday, 25 September 2017



TIP 1: Incorporate the subject in your own background to make craftsmanship

The huge mystery of making unique craftsmanship, and compelling artwork photography by augmentation, is to will be to move the weight in your photography from reporting the subject to utilizing the subject to express your masterful vision. To move from general to individual. To move from watching the world to translating the world. To move from being an observer of life to being the "main performing artist" in life.

This thought may appear to be exceptionally theoretical at a first look yet in the event that you ponder it you will see that when you utilize photography as an instrument for making workmanship, you don't depend such a great amount regarding the matter to make the picture, however you rather concentrate on the most proficient method to influence the subject to pass on your vision.

This is the reason I discuss (en)Visionography rather than photography, when I discuss another method for making artistic work photography. I have to delimit traditional photography from photography as craftsmanship, photography as a requirement for the craftsman to communicate. In the event that you begin thinking this way, you will see that, little by little, you will end up noticeably autonomous from your subject and begin demonstrating a greater amount of yourself in the pictures you make as opposed to indicating a greater amount of the subject.

How to do it?

By utilizing your encounters as a motivation source and not constraining yourself to utilizing what you see outside, in this way making a blend between your encounters and the subject you have before you. Much the same as an execution craftsman makes a blend between his feelings and the plot of the performing demonstration. Both picture taker and the performing craftsman join the subject in their creation, yet they don't depend regarding the matter yet on their collaboration with it, that makes one of a kind outcomes, since each craftsman is remarkable.

As a picture taker, you will use, with a specific end goal to make this association, your camera and the altering programming as physical devices, however you will for the most part utilize the vision and aim that begin from your psyche and soul, which is the thing that triggers the need to make the photo in any case.

This implies generally to show yourself in the craftsmanship you make and this takes fearlessness as you may feel powerless while doing this, however as I would see it, without genuineness there can be no workmanship and in this regard it is worth to abandon yourself be helpless keeping in mind the end goal to make important craftsmanship, as I contend in this article about being defenseless in craftsmanship.

TIP 2: Live your photography like an execution craftsman experience his follow up on arrange

When I consider the communication between the subject and the craftsman, and by expansion the connection of both subject and craftsman with the watcher, my psyche goes nearly in a programmed path to the execution specialists who not just translate a part in their execution demonstration, yet they in reality live them. Everything occurring in an execution demonstration is genuine and regardless of the possibility that the craftsman utilizes an underlying plan to make a plot through which he or she will associate with the watcher, the show takes off in its own specific manner and obtains its own particular life while happening, with both the craftsman and the watcher taking part specifically to it and collaborating with each other, while testing the vitality and feeling it discharges.

I can't help not partner the work a fine picture taker does with the work a performing craftsman does, as in the craftsman picture taker is living inside his pictures simply like a performing craftsman is living inside his exhibitions. Everything should be valid and genuine, everything should be close to home, for the feeling to be bona fide and make a solid impact on the watcher.

In case you're not comfortable with the thought of execution craftsmanship, here is some documentation about it that will enable you to comprehend . Execution Art – History, Ideas, Styles basically, execution craftsmanship is a capricious type of workmanship that prospered in the 1960s, after the developments of Modernism and Abstract Expressionism blurred in power, however is as yet across the board right up 'til today, where the craftsman is available in the protest of workmanship he makes, the question of workmanship being the execution he makes before the gathering of people. It is a type of craftsmanship that can't be safeguarded however it must be lived when it is going on. Be that as it may, regardless of the possibility that there is no physical outcome that can be kept for the future in a material shape, the feeling and power of the imaginative demonstration and the force of the collaboration between the craftsman and the watcher amid this exhibitions is intense to the point, that from numerous points of view it surpasses the force one may feel before a physical question of workmanship.

An understand contemporary performing craftsman is Marina Abramovic, and a considerable lot of you may know her execution "The Artist is Present" a couple of years prior at MoMA in New York, where the plot of the execution was for her to sit at a table, before everybody from people in general who needed to join her on the opposite side of the table, and for them to simply investigated each other's eyes for a specific timeframe, making an association without words or different methods for articulation. The outcome was a truly solid association between the craftsman and each of the "watchers", they both ending up some portion of the question of workmanship. Here is a short introduction of a narrative made in light of this occasion. Marina Abramovic – The Artist is Present

For me this is a standout amongst other cases of how a craftsman cooperates with the group of onlookers, of how a picture taker communicates with his watchers.

Through our manifestations, we as a whole do only this: investigate the eyes of our watchers and let them investigate our eyes and into our souls to see the privileged insights covered up there, to see the feeling and our profoundly established substance. This makes inventiveness and realness, this makes a photo more than a demonstration of recording life, it influences it to end up life itself and it pushes it into the domain of craftsmanship.

TIP 3: Photography as an autobiographic instrument – From enhancement to workmanship

Craftsmanship must be conceived from within the craftsman. It must be close to home and in view of his own involvement and feeling. In the event that it is not individual, at that point it turns out to be just an enriching component.

There is nothing amiss with making a beautifying component, it is just about what you choose to do. You have to choose on the off chance that you need to make craftsmanship or in the event that you go for making diversion, which is the thing that a brightening creation is gone for. The two cases are exceptionally respectable and worth your exertion. They are quite recently extraordinary and in light of various standards.

Workmanship originates from thoughtfulness and the steady journey for reality, while embellishment is conceived from outside impacts. Embellishment is gone for having tasteful qualities alone, while craftsmanship needs to make feeling and force of response.

As I said commonly some time recently, every one of my pictures, either free or arrangement, are autobiographic. They don't discuss the subjects you see however they discuss myself. You may not know the story they tell in detail, but rather you can recount that there is a story there and it is the genuineness of this story that makes the pictures bona fide.

Each hint of light or shadow has a significance in my pictures, much the same as the notes in a music score, much the same as the words in a sonnet. At the point when the picture is done I can't include or evacuate anything without annihilating it.

I could compose a sonnet, yet I make a photo. It is my cognizant decision, however the significance can be the same as though I would compose a sonnet. I am just utilizing photography and my subjects to express my thoughts. The feeling and vitality are the same, just the device I use to express them is unique.

TIP 4: Choose your subject so to make an image

An established picture taker may not concur with me now and may state that I have no regard for my subjects since I utilize them as instruments. He may be ideal, from the perspective of traditional photography.

I am without a doubt utilizing my subjects and I am changing them as much as I require so they can speak to what I have as a top priority, what I feel.

Yet, I do have an association with them and I generally pick a subject that can pass on my thought obviously. This is the way I regard my subjects, by utilizing each subject at the correct minute, by utilizing them as images and giving them a place in my life.

These subjects are recounting the tale of my life and they will outlast me. I could state that I will live perpetually through my subjects. They are presently out there into the world and with them a piece of me, in this way, as it were, I live now all over and not just in my physical body. I take my subjects from the outside world, I change them and I give them back to a similar world in an alternate shape, as myself. When my pictures abandon me and backpedal to the world, I will be there once more, much the same as I was before through my subjects.

In the event that you think this is excessively unique, making it impossible to appreciate, too a long way from the functional parts of photography, simply recollect the primary element of craftsmanship is opportunity of thought and flexibility of feeling. Try not to be hesitant to think diversely and feel profoundly. Craftsmanship is one of only a handful couple of things in this world that permits you, and even expects you. Everything around you can be an image for any feeling you felt and you need to transmit it to the watcher.

TIP 5: Do not turn into a "Mannerist" in craftsmanship

How not to fall into the entanglement of doing what has been done before – How to not turn into a "mannerist"?

There are such a significant number of subjects around you to look over. What you should shoot and how? How you should process your photos and why? Would it be advisable for you to pick design, scene or individuals?

The appropriate response is in yourself and that is the main place where you should hope to discover the appropriate response. It is not in what is in vogue or what offers. Regardless of how en vogue a subject or style is, whether you don't make following your own vision you won't have the capacity to make significant artistic work photography since it won't be legitimate and earnest, it may be, as it is brought in craftsmanship for the most part, manneristic.

Sunday, 24 September 2017

Top 10 Digital Photography Tips | Photographer Directory

Top 10 Digital Photography Tips | Photographer Directory
Take Your Digital Photography to the Next Level!

Regardless of whether you are a novice or more experienced with photography, there are a few hints that will profit you and give you better outcomes. Here are some normal issues that you may need to manage and a few hints on how you can utilize them further bolstering your good fortune.

Compose in Thirds


To utilize the run of thirds, envision four lines, two lying on a level plane over the picture and two vertical making nine even squares. A few pictures will look best with the point of convergence in the middle square, yet setting the subject topsy turvy will frequently make an all the more tastefully formed photo. At the point when a photo is made utilizing the discount of thirds the eyes will meander the edge. A photo made by the discount of thirds is all the more fascinating and satisfying to the eye.

Avoid Camera Shake

Camera shake or obscure is something that can torment any picture taker and here are some approaches to maintain a strategic distance from it. To start with, you have to figure out how to hold your camera appropriately; utilize the two hands, one around the body and one around the focal point and hold the camera near your body for help. Likewise ensure you are utilizing a screen speed that matches the focal point central length. So in case you're utilizing a 100mm focal point, at that point your screen speed ought to be no lower than 1/100th of a moment. Utilize a tripod or monopod at whatever point conceivable. In lieu of this, utilization a tree or a divider to balance out the camera.

The Sunny 16 Rule

The thought with the Sunny 16 decide is that we can utilize it to foresee how to meter our camera on a bright outside day. So when in that circumstance, pick an opening of f/16 and 1/100th of a moment screen speed (if you are utilizing ISO 100). You ought to have a sharp picture that is neither under or over uncovered. This lead is valuable in the event that you don't have a working light meter or if your camera doesn't have a LCD screen to survey the picture.

Use a Polarizing Filter

On the off chance that you can just get one channel for your focal point, make it a polarizer. This channel diminishes reflections from water and additionally metal and glass; it enhances the shades of the sky and foliage, and it will secure your focal point as well. There's no motivation behind why you can't abandon it on for the greater part of your photography. The prescribed sort of polarizer is roundabout in light of the fact that these enable your camera to utilize TTL (through the viewpoint) metering (i.e. Auto presentation).

Create a Sense of Depth

While shooting scenes it truly makes a feeling of profundity, at the end of the day, influence the watcher to feel like they are there. Utilize a wide-edge focal point for an all encompassing perspective and a little gap of f/16 or littler to keep the forefront and foundation sharp. Putting a protest or individual in the closer view helps give a feeling of scale and stresses how far away the separation is. Utilize a tripod if conceivable, as a little gap more often than not requires a slower shade speed.

Use Simple Backgrounds

The basic approach is generally the best in computerized photography, and you need to choose what should be in the shot, while excluding anything that is a diversion. On the off chance that conceivable, pick a plain foundation – at the end of the day, impartial hues and basic examples. You need the eye to be attracted to the point of convergence of the picture instead of a fix of shading or an odd working out of sight. This is key in a shot where the model is set helter-skelter.

Don't Use Flash Indoors

Glimmer can look cruel and unnatural particularly for indoor pictures. In this manner, there are different ways you can take a picture inside without falling back on streak. In the first place, push the ISO up – for the most part ISO 800 to 1600 will have a major effect for the screen speed you can pick. Utilize the broadest gap conceivable – along these lines all the more light will achieve the sensor and you will have a pleasant obscured foundation. Utilizing a tripod or an I.S. (Picture Stabilization) focal point is additionally an awesome approach to keep away from obscure.

Choose the Right ISO

The ISO setting decides how touchy your camera is to light and furthermore how fine the grain of your picture. The ISO we pick relies upon the circumstance – when it's dim we have to push the ISO up to a higher number, say anything from 400 – 3200 as this will make the camera more delicate to light and afterward we can abstain from obscuring. On radiant days we can pick ISO 100 or the Auto setting as we have all the more light to work with.

Pan to Create Motion

On the off chance that you need to catch a subject in movement, at that point utilize the panning system. To do this, pick a screen speed around two stages lower than would normally be appropriate – so for 1/250, we'd pick 1/60. Keep your camera regarding the matter with your finger mostly down on the shade to bolt the concentration and when prepared, take the photograph, making sure to tail them as they move. Utilize a tripod or monopod if conceivable to dodge camera shake and get clear development lines.

Experiment with Shutter Speed

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Try not to be hesitant to play with the shade speed to make some intriguing impacts. When taking an evening gave, utilize a tripod and take a stab at shooting with the shade speed set at 4 seconds. You will see that the development of the protest is caught alongside some light trails. On the off chance that you pick a quicker screen speed of say 1/250th of a moment, the trails won't be as long or brilliant; rather you will solidify the activity. This system functions admirably in the event that you are utilizing a tripod and in the event that you are shooting a moving item.


I believe the most important element to be captured in a photograph is emotion. The more emotional the shot is, the more it appeals to our senses, and the greater the connection we feel to it. If a picture conveys emotion – whether it’s happiness, surprise, sorrow, disgust – it is successful.
Many of us that like taking photos everywhere we go in order to capture best moments of a meeting or a date, or the funniest moments spent with friends. These are moments of life that will be never left behind from our memory.
But how exactly can a photo do this? It is not about the photo, it is about the message of the photo and the transmitted emotion. When taking a photo you have to do your best to capture the essence of life, all the elements of the background at the right place, the beautiful smile of the loved person which reminds you why you love her so much. A wrong detail can ruin your photo and that is why you have to pay a lot of attention in order to get perfect results.
1. Capture moments. When you are a photographer and you are collaborating with different kind of couples then you realize that capturing a caress or a glance at the appropriate moment is more than a photo where everything is perfect placed or the landscape is dreamy. If it is necessary you can use some color effects to make your photo look amazing.
2. Be a good reader of the facial expression. 
The best moment to catch someone’s amazed face expression is the proposal time for sure. In that moment there are millions of thoughts expressed in a single look. A natural smile makes more than a thousand words, so try to get it.

3. Look for details
 You have to know where to look. Not only the face and the eyes can share emotion. The gestures, the handshakes, in a couple, the way of walking together, even the laughing of the partners are a key element in capturing happiness.

4. Use Portrait Mode if available on your camera. Try to also make portrait – or vertical orientation – photo in order to capture another side of a person, the natural side. The portrait mode will allow the light to go into the camera in abundance. (editor's note) If you don't have a specific portrait mode on your camera, try aperture priority and set the fstop as open as the lens will go – lower numbers are better, ie f1.8, f2.8, f.3.3 etc.
When having a photo session, every element of the landscape or background must have a purpose. The colors must fit perfect with the mood and must create a universe.

5. Black and white landscapes. Sometimes, a picture in white and black shows more expressions that a colored one. Especially when you are a professional photographer and you have full control of the photos, and you can make any area lighter or darker.
6. Using continuous focus. 
Moments to surprise a real emotion are rare. So, in order to be prepared, you can set your camera on continuous focus, to have the best photos in every moment.

For me, photography is all about capturing authenticity, movement, spontaneity, and mood. It is a big deal in capturing the emotion to give a successful photography story. The tips will helps you to draw emotions in your photos.

Saturday, 23 September 2017

Ideas about making a Shutter Speed Photography

Ideas about making a Shutter Speed Photography
Ideas about making a Shutter Speed Photography

Shutter Speed is measured in fractions of a second, and indicates how fast the curtains at the film plane open and close. The shutter speed controls how long light enters the lens and hits the image sensor or film plane. The shutter speed enables you to capture the world in split seconds, but it can also absorb the world at speeds upwards of three and four seconds (or remain continually open up until the photographer wants to close the curtain). Snapping the shutter in a fraction of a second, also gives you control on how motion is recorded. If the shutter speed is faster than the object or background, then the image will be tack sharp. If the shutter speed is slower, then you’ll get blurred objects. Think about the rain in a rainstorm, how fast is that water falling? Well, at 1/30th the raindrops are streaks of undistinguishable white. But at 1/250th, the raindrops hover in mid air and you can see the full swell of each water drop.
If you find yourself with a camera that has settings for "shutter speed" (have a browse through your manual if you're unsure), then you're lucky! You'll be able to make use of the effects outlined here.
Setting the Shutter Speed
Most cameras handle shutter speeds automatically through in-camera metering. When the camera is set to “Auto” mode, both shutter speed and aperture are automatically selected by the camera. When you shoot in “Aperture Priority” mode, you set the lens aperture, while the camera automatically sets the shutter speed.
There are two ways to manually set the shutter speed:
a) By setting the camera to “Shutter Priority” mode, where you set the shutter speed and the camera automatically selects the aperture.
b) By setting the camera to “Manual” mode, where you set both shutter speed and aperture manually.
I recommend letting the camera select the correct shutter speed for you. I personally shoot in “Aperture Priority” mode 99% of the time and I let my camera calculate the shutter speed for me.
Fast Shutter Speed is typically whatever it takes to freeze action. For me, it is typically above 1/500th of a second for general photography and above 1/1000th of a second for bird photography.

Slow Shutter Speed is considered to be the slowest shutter speed that you can handle without introducing camera shake. Some of the newer Nikon lenses such as the Nikon 70-200mm VR II have special “vibration reduction” technologies within the lens that can handle shutter speeds of up to 1/10th of a second (depending on photographer’s technique), hand-held.

When to Use Fast Shutter Speeds
You will want to shoot at a fast shutter speed in quite a few different photography situations. When shooting photos of sports, for example, a fast shutter speed is important to “freeze” the action, meaning the athletes will be stopped without any motion blur in the photo.
Other appropriate subjects for a fast shutter speed include photos of children, running water, or pets. Basically, anything that is moving can require a fast shutter speed.

When to Use Slow Shutter Speeds
A slow shutter speed is appropriate for any type of low-light situation. If you’re shooting at night, or if you’re shooting fireworks photos, a really slow shutter speed is required to allow enough light to reach the image sensor to actually record a photo.
If you’re shooting a photo where a bit of blur is desired, again, a slower shutter speed can achieve this. As shown in the photo included here, a slower shutter speed was used to photograph the race horses, resulting in a blur that provides an artistic look.
If you’re shooting with a flash, you will be limited in the shutter speeds you can use, as the camera’s shutter speed must be synched to the flash unit. You will have a difficult time stopping the action with a flash because you cannot select the fastest shutter speed you may want.

Don’t be afraid to play with the shutter speed to create some interesting effects. When taking a night time shot, use a tripod and try shooting with the shutter speed set at 4 seconds. You will see that the movement of the object is captured along with some light trails. If you choose a faster shutter speed of say 1/250th of a second, the trails will not be as long or bright; instead you will freeze the action. This technique works well if you are using a tripod and if you are photographing a moving object.
Keep that shutter open even longer. See what happens. Get creative with your composition and framing. Go nuts. And the most important thing? Is to have fun while you are harvesting the light. Of course.

8 Tips for Gorgeous Fashion Photography

8 Tips for Gorgeous Fashion Photography
Most youthful picture takers are persuaded that design photography is an inconceivable dream.
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The captivating global way of life, the gigantic group of onlookers, the dazzling photoshoots and the lucrative checks are just a portion of the reasons why this looked for after calling appears to be difficult to reach. Be that as it may, while there are no simple agendas or beyond any doubt fire intends to guarantee your prosperity, there are sure little strides to convey you nearer to your fantasy.
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Yearning picture takers may trust that it's about the creation and the specialized perspectives, yet truly mold photography is significantly more than simply getting a picture that is actually impeccable. There are sure things that may even now get lost in an outright flood particularly when you're concentrating on getting the mechanics without flaw. So here are a few hints to help you with your progress:

1. Set up Your Concept before the Actual Shoot
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There is no such thing as finished arrangement, particularly when you're new to the scene. Motivation isn't something that seems exactly when you require it most.

Actually, you'll definitely be excessively worried about each other detail associated with the shoot to concentrate on what you are endeavoring to accomplish. So set up your idea in the days going before a shoot. Eat up books on lighting, make-up, styling, hair, posturing and altering and set aside the ideal opportunity for this large number of data to be prepared and composed soundly.

Is it true that you are capturing male or female models? What is the reason for this specific shoot? We each have our imaginative procedure, notwithstanding, certain means help crystalize thoughts and give you a reasonable picture of where you're heading.

2. Keep in mind Whose Concept is Being Brought to Life
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Form photography is a shared exertion and keeping in mind that everybody is a specialist in his or her specific field, it is your vision that is being passed on. Try to be engaged with the whole imaginative process.

Acknowledge proposals when they better depict your idea, however never give up control over the photoshoot in light of the fact that it will rise above the focal point and make a distinction perceptible in your photos. Coordinating the models and giving a feeling of soundness in all parts of the shoot (from outfits to make-up and styling) isn't the most effortless of undertakings. Also, you expect expert to do as such. So once more, arrangement is vital.

Play out the shoot in your brain, consider all viewpoints, from dress to coordinating and on location, convey your wants in a quiet and reasonable way with the goal that everybody included can know about what you wish to accomplish.

3. Be Open to Experimenting
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Each shoot is one of a kind, so don't hesitate to try different things with each part of the imaginative procedure. Locate the ideal edges, move around and keep shooting with each progression to guarantee that you locate the ideal shot and not the a different way.

Making the ideal shot likewise includes effectively coordinating the models you are working with. It's actual that there are sure models who are a picture taker's fantasy: they perform flawlessly with no direction and appear to be in a state of harmony with your desires. Of course, you might be looked with less immaculate situations.

Ensure that notwithstanding when models needn't bother with bearing, they are still as per your vision. If not, make the vital changes.

4. Locate the Perfect Team
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Effective photoshoots are the aftereffect of productive coordinated efforts among groups of experts. The more mind boggling the shoot is, the better group you will require. Picture taker Von Wong features the need of master groups, particularly while endeavoring complex photoshoots, for example, his submerged wreck venture, where security jumpers supplanted photograph collaborators.

Obviously, the greater part of your photoshoots won't be submerged, yet that doesn't imply that you won't require an equipped group to help you amid the shoot.

5. Start with Studio Shoots and Move up as You Go
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Studio photoshoots are the perfect beginning circumstance for forthcoming design picture takers since they enable you to control lighting. Break down nature and scan for undesirable shadows previously the shoot initiates. Consider utilizing separate light meters rather than the one in your cameras for better readings.

When you get settled with the buzzing about of a shoot, you can consider different conditions to add setting and profundity to your vision, since you will have the capacity to focus on basic viewpoints instead of simply concentrate on the shoot itself.

6. Post-Processing and CGI Integration
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Certain picture takers, for example, Jean Yves Lemoigne, have been taking their work to unheard of levels by adding to an officially sublime picture. His awe-inspiring CGI mixes have demonstrated that PC created symbolism doesn't just have a place in motion picture theaters. Coordinating extraordinary CGI into form publications can separate you, particularly when you convey something progressive to the table.

Different picture takers have additionally endeavored to create publication commendable photos with the assistance of CGI mix. Mike Campau's work is a great beginning stage and could help fill in as a beginning stages for ideas you may have just thoroughly considered.

7. Go for Constructive Collaborations
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Many experienced picture takers choose to work together keeping in mind the end goal to push their ideas further and further. Talking about your vision and photoshoot thoughts with experienced associates can enable you to accomplish the restless and remarkable style that you are going for.

Horse Lott and Brett Seamans have become so acclimated to their coordinated effort that they have turned out to be a standout amongst the most regarded photography twosomes in New York.

8. Be Daring
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At to start with, it's hard to put stock in yourself, however you expect certainty to continue pushing ahead. From setting out to break the standards now and again (notwithstanding when it implies playing around with inaccurate lighting) to enabling certain activities to not be as effective as you would have needed, each and every progression is a piece of the procedure.

Try not to be reluctant to get certain things wrong, don't consider all the conceivable fiascos that could occur amid a photoshoot and shoot constantly. Your inventive vitality needs to continue streaming and your photographic mind requires consistent support. This doesn't imply that you need to go to proficient shoots constantly.

Breaking into the business may not be simple but rather it is conceivable. It includes constantly growing your photographic aptitudes and also guaranteeing that the most extreme care and consideration goes into every individual shoot. So be certain, keep enhancing and you're well on your way.

Friday, 22 September 2017

Tips for making Underwater Photography

Tips for making Underwater Photography
Tips for making Underwater Photography

Getting Started in Underwater Photography
Snorkeling is a very cost effective and convenient way to see a lot of what is under the water. A snorkel set is the minimum gear requirement and you can do-it-yourself on your own schedule and quite often without a boat. The photographer considering this type of photography should first acquire snorkeling skills before adding the complication of photography. An underwater-capable camera or underwater camera housing for a non-waterproof camera is of course another requirement for the photography aspect. For best quality imagery, you will want to have a DSLR model in your hands.
Underwater photography produces some of the most eye-catching and unusual images around, but they are a challenge to shoot and require some fairly expensive equipment. Practicing the technique beforehand, especially if you have a once in a lifetime trip is the key, as is being comfortable in the water. Here are some ideas on how to get those underwater photos.
Get Practiced in a Pool
Before attempting underwater photography in the ocean, where the water is unpredictable, try taking images in a pool. You will need a specialty underwater housing. Most of the popular point-and-shoot and DSLR cameras have available plastic cases which seal in the camera and the lens. These are watertight, and are essential to protect your equipment. Keep a polarizer filter attached as this reduces flare and unwanted reflections from the water.

Before entering the water
Before going into any water, get information about the kind of life to expect to know whether or not it is dangerous to you. If known dangers lurk, don’t approach.

Water Clarity is Important for Image Quality
Water clarity is very important for clear underwater photographs. And some of your subjects may be working against you in this matter.
This ray was very cooperative (perhaps just very distracted), but it was destroying water clarity as it fed along the bottom.
The less water there is between the camera and its subject, the less effect water clarity has on image quality. For this this reason, getting close to the subject is important; and for this reason, very wide angle lenses are typically the best choice for underwater photography.

By and large, serious underwater photography is a pursuit that requires scuba diving. There are some specific subjects--notably dolphins and whales--where you are better off snorkeling. This is mostly because marine mammals tend to be bothered by noisy bubbles from scuba gear, so you leave it on the boat. Even this requires more than just snorkeling to be really successful. Known interchangeably as free-diving, skin-diving, or breath-hold diving, you dive as deep and long on one breath as your body can handle. Physical fitness is a big part of it. In theory, you could get some good shots of shallow reefs this way, but you're limiting your subject matter significantly.

Ever notice how amateur under water shooters’ images are mostly just blue? Water absorbs light — beyond about 3 feet from you, your lights will be of little use in bringing out the glorious colors of the under water world. Photographers must contend with something called “backscatter,” the sometimes infinite particulates in the water column that can individually reflect your flash back at the camera. Less water between your lens and subject will make for sharper, clearer images.
Underwater photographers can spend an entire dive on one small coral head. Waiting for animal behavior takes time, and letting other divers get out of your frame is always worth the extra few minutes, unless the divers are your subject.
Eyes are a great connection point between subject and viewer that can give your images stronger emotional content. With wildlife photography, when some motion blur can be intentional or unavoidable, it’s especially important to keep the eyes sharp.
To ensure your settings and framing are correct, make time to stop and review images as you go. Pause to look at your capture while you’re still in the moment, so you can make adjustments and try again while the whale shark is still in your vicinity.

Your underwater attitude

An important thing to remember is never to think of your photographic objects as catches or food! It will be transmitted by means still not understood, but it will surely keep water life at a distance. Send thoughts of admiration and warmth, and you won’t believe how well it will be recognised. And never, absolutely never hurt any living being underwater!
Believe it or not, such an attitude will reward you with astounding views, unbelievable contacts  – and rewarding photos. Be forewarned, once you enter the underwater space, expect to be hooked for life!

Thursday, 21 September 2017

Beginner tips for making Astrophotography

Beginner tips for making Astrophotography
Beginner tips for making Astrophotography

I'll try to give you a little bit of basic information here on these Quick Start web pages to get you started. You'll find more on the rest of this web site, and in my book if you really want to learn all about it.
1. What you need:
You need a camera that has manual exposure mode. Most SRL camera come with a feature called Bulb which does exactly that.
You will also need a remote control or a shutter release cable in order to minimize shaking the camera when taking the pictures.
You will definitely need a tripod.         

Other helpful equipment
  • Shutter release cable isn’t absolutely necessary but highly recommended. You can by cheap third-party ones on ebay instead of paying for a genuine one.
  • Anti-fog cloth can help with condensation that builds up on your lens under certain atmospheric conditions at night time. If your lens keeps fogging up this might help.
  • Red flashlight to see what you are doing out in the dark. Using a regular flash light will harm your night vision but red light won’t.
  • A sky tracking mount to take exposures longer than 30 seconds or so. This requires an extra investment so I recommend trying other methods first. I will talk about trackers later.
  • A comfortable chair (you will be waiting a lot) and extra warm clothes if its winter time.
  • Binoculars to enjoy the view while pictures are being taken or to maybe pick out your next target.

There are various types of astrophotography options are there
  • Deep Space – Images which are taken with use of a telescope of objects beyond our own solar system. These are those stunning images you see of distant galaxies and nebulae, and this is the most technical and hardest form of astrophotography.
  • Solar System – These are images of the planets, moons and the sun of our own solar system. Again the images are mostly photographed through telescopes, but a super telephoto lens on a DSLR cameras can also give you a good result.
  • Wide Field Astrophotography – This is astrophotography that is taken with a DSLR camera and lens with a wide field of view, like the wide-angled lens. These are the images you see that include a starry sky or star trails above a landscape. This is the most accessible form of astrophotography, and are the kind I practice and will be teaching you about.
  • Time-Lapse Astrophotography – This is just an extension on Wide Field Astrophotography. The only difference is you take lots of exposures over time and then combine the frames to make a time-lapse video. The same technique can be used to make a star trail image.

Tips for Beginner Astrophotography

Start out simple – Learn how to focus on a star and how to determine the correct exposure by using the histogram. Here are some subjects you can shoot with just a camera on a tripod:
  • Twilight scenes with the crescent Moon with Earthshine and bright planets nearby like Venus or Jupiter
  • Asterisms like the Big and Little Dipper, and constellations like Cassiopeia and Orion
  • Satellite passes such as those by the International Space Station, and Iridium satellite flares
  • Circumpolar star trails
  • Meteors and meteor showers
  • The phases of the Moon
  • Aurora

ISO Settings for Astrophotography
A major component of beginner astrophotography is selecting the proper ISO setting.  The ISO setting controls how sensitive your digital camera is to light. Selecting a higher ISO number will increase the sensitivity to light on your camera, and record more detail in a low-light light situation. The catch is, it will also produce more noise.  Noise looks like little colored grains in your photo.  The trick is to find the right balance between detail and noise. A modest amount of noise can be removed during post-processing in Adobe Photoshop, a heavy amount can make your photo a real mess. I suggest shooting in the 1600-3200 ISO range to limit noise, yet pull out some serious sky-detail.
Long Exposure Photography
Night sky photography is considered “long-exposure” photography, but how do you know how long to expose the image? It depends on a number of factors, and one of them is whether or not you own a shutter release cable. If you don’t, your maximum exposure length will be 30 seconds.  A shutter release cable will allow you to set your camera exposure length on “bulb” mode, and take an exposure as long as you want.  I’ve had success with inexpensive shutter release cables I found on eBay. In my opinion, without a tracking mount, an exposure of about 30 seconds is as long as I would go anyway.  Any longer will start producing star-trails.

Achieving Sharp Focus
The next thing you will want to make sure of is that you camera lens is set to manual focus, and set to infinity. You will do this by switching your lens to the “M”, and adjusting the barrel to the infinity symbol.  Once you have set your lens to this spot, take a few test shots to check and see if your stars are in focus. They will show up as tiny pin-points of light when a sharp focus is achieved. If your camera has a live-view mode like the 70D, you can zoom in with the LCD screen on the back, and focus on the moon or a distant object. Adjust the focus ring until the object is sharp, and then un-zoom, and return the camera back to your intended target position in the night sky.

Give a Shoot!

Now, if the moon is up, it can be VERY bright, especially if it is more than half-illuminated.  If you want lots of stars and even bright galaxies or nebulae to show up in your photo, you will have to take your shots during the nights leading up to, and after the New Moon when a thin crescent moon sets in the early evening or rises at dawn.  A great idea for beginner astrophotographers is to aim for a pleasing landscape shot of a known constellation. If the moon is out, the moonlight can actually help light up the scenery below to create an interesting image.